also called sarcoid, Besnier-Boeck disease or Besnier-Boeck-Schaumann
involves inflammation that produces tiny lumps of cells in various
organs in the body.
is a disease in which inflammation occurs in the lymph nodes, lungs,
liver, eyes, skin, or other tissues.
60% to 80% of sarcoidosis cases are self-limiting, meaning that they
disappear, at least partially, without intervention.
of the disease is unknown, and it often gets better without treatment.
of sarcoidosis often depends on the specific symptoms of each patient.
Often, no treatment is needed. But, for some, intense treatment is
with sarcoidosis will need treatment. Up to one half of the people
diagnosed with sarcoidosis improve without treatment.
for sarcoidosis can range from very mild to severe
and symptoms of sarcoidosis tend to vary, depending on which organs
are affected and for how long the patient has had the disease. Sometimes
sarcoidosis develops gradually and produces signs and symptoms that
last for years.
is usually asymptomatic, which means there are no outward signs that
the person has the disease.
of sarcoidosis can vary greatly, depending on which organs are involved.
Most patients initially complain of a persistent dry cough, fatigue,
and shortness of breath.
symptoms may include:
reddish bumps or patches on the skin.
-Red and teary eyes or blurred vision.
-Swollen and painful joints.
-Enlarged and tender lymph glands in the neck, armpits, and groin.
-Enlarged lymph glands in the chest and around the lungs.
-Nasal stiffness and hoarse voice.
-Pain in the hands, feet, or other bony areas due to the formation
of cysts (an abnormal sac-like growth) in bones.
-Kidney stone formation.
-Development of abnormal or missed heart beats (arrhythmias), inflammation
of the covering of the heart (pericarditis), or heart failure.
-Nervous system effects, including hearing loss, meningitis, seizures,
or psychiatric disorders (for example, dementia, depression, psychosis).
people, symptoms may begin suddenly and/or severely and subside in
a short period of time. Others may have no outward symptoms at all
even though organs are affected. Still others may have symptoms that
appear slowly and subtly, but which last or recur over a long time
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had sarcoidosis for 10-15 years
pulmonary hypertension or lymphoma.
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