The tibial collateral
ligament is a broad, flat band of tissue that connects the medial
condyle of the femur (thighbone) to the medial condyle of the tibia.
It is also known
as medial collateral ligament MCL.
The tibial collateral ligament is more prone to lesions by virtue
of its length, composite attachments, and biomechanical exertions.
It is the most
frequently injured ligament of the knee joint
A chronic tibial collateral ligament strain may be caused by displacement
of the meniscus (meniscal movement of 3 mm or more).
The greatest displacement
of the meniscus is caused by external rotation