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My name is Suzanne and I have two a questions.

I would like to know if polycystic ovary syndrome is associated with the appearance of thyroid nodules.

Can the treatment for PCOS cure thyroid nodules?


Dear Suzanne,

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a endocrine disorder (hormone imbalance) that affects approximately 5% of all women.

PCOS affects the ovaries (the organs in a woman's body that produce eggs).

In PCOS, the ovaries are bigger than average, and the outer surface of the ovary has an abnormally large number of small follicles.

The term thyroid nodule refers to any abnormal growth of thyroid cells into a lump within the thyroid.

The hypothalamus is a portion of the brain that contains a number of small nuclei with a variety of functions.

The hypothalamus-pituitary system controls the ovarian function, and the ovarian function also controls the hypothalamus-pituitary system.

The thyroid gland produces two main hormones, thyroxine and triiodothyronine. The rate at which these hormones are released is part of a carefully controlled system involving the thyroid gland, the pituitary gland and the hypothalamus - that acts as a thermostat for this system.

The major glands that make up the human endocrine system include the: hypothalamus, pituitary gland, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal glands, pineal body and reproductive glands (which include the ovaries and testes).

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